Parakeet Behavior With Other Parakeets

When watching them, it looks like they are trying to charge their little solar cells (of course hummingbirds don't have solar cells, it is just the best way to describe their behavior. To calm a parrot down or show genuine affection, a soft, loving expression is best but on the other hand, disapproval of a behavior can be communicated by giving the bird a long, hard stare. If you're new to owning a parakeet, you might not know what signs there are when the bird is not feeling well. The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula, of the family Psittacidae. Consider the Catbird: The Surprising Secrets of a Common Backyard Bird and mimic other bird songs like the Catbird. But since they spend the winter in the South, you can find them at some time in every state. From this stage we will be dealing purely with the classification of birds i. But similar-sized birds such as towhees and swallows do this all the time. Keeping parakeets with other species of parrots is a form of punishment. Well, in the domestic realm, you’re most. Thus, it gives the number of times there was a transition from one type of behavior to another. They can develop a bond with only one human and refuse to interact with other people, even attacking them in some cases. Video: Pair of wild Plum Headed Parakeets grooming. Some birds use teamwork while hunting. Procedure: Look at the pictures of the birds. Birds Not of a Feather. This is the fact that bird scientists know less about city pigeons than they do about many other wild birds. Behavior is one key way these birds differ. Once they bond, you'll see them sit next to each other on the same perch and follow each other around. Birds are intelligent pets with a lot of personality, but sometimes you may notice a change in behavior that puzzles you. " If birds do mourn, it seems some rebound more quickly than others. The typical wild bird spends most of its day searching for food and being alert for predators. BY Anna Green. Here are 10 fascinating facts about ravens. However their brains are relatively large and their learning abilities are greater than those of most other birds. Blue jays will sometimes eat eggs and nestlings of other birds, but this is rare. Nesting behavior varies considerably among birds. Train and enjoy your Parrots with Parrot Training Books, DVDs, videos, workshops, webinars, articles & EBooks. Birds may attack humans, pets, wildlife and other birds, so don't take it personally. I'd say your best bet is to get another Parakeet if you want it to get a different bird a cockatiel would be okay. Much of the information here is from my own research on crows in central New York; where I used other sources I have tried to reference the material. 3 simple ways to prevent birds from hitting windows. Young birds learn to recognize predators by observing the behavior of other birds. Find out about the largest, smallest and fastest birds, how scientists believe they evolved, how many different species there are and much more. It shouldn't come as a surprise, given what other things we've done to throw a wrench in avian existence. How can I get my parrot to trust me?. But like most parrots that can be sexed visually, they need time to exhibit their gender traits. Sexing a budgie is not difficult and can easily be done through their nose (cere). They are good natured birds, quiet compared to other parakeet species. Some other amusing misconceptions with no basis in fact: Hummingbirds are a cross between a bird and an insect (from an early Spanish report to Queen Isabella) Hummingbirds don't have feet (all birds have feet; hummers don't use theirs to walk, though). Japanese quail care for their young, mate for life, nest on the ground, dustbathe, and behave in the many ways that characterize Galliform – ground-dwelling & nesting – birds. You are here Home » See Our Birds. An owner who knows their tamed budgie's behavior should be on the lookout for behavior that is not typically demonstrated by their bird. This is a hard question. Passerine birds are divided into two suborders, the suboscines and the oscines. Not only will colony breeding increase your chances for success with budgies, but it will allow you to observe them as a flock, a key to learning about bird behavior. Many people cover their bird's cages and have no problems. known to attach both other bird species and other lovebirds. Probably one of the most humorous things about owning a budgie is watching their curious and entertaining behavior. They vigorously chase other birds away from their feeding territory with loud whirring wings. I think so- I have a love bird and I see that it will mate with any other bird -parakeet included. On an island occupied by the cheeriest birds imaginable, Red is a bit of an outcast. Here I would like to give you some information about parakeet, that how you should feed them, where to keep them and so on. How the Class Aves is divided up. Moderate fighting is what happens before things get too. Parakeet behavior - fascinating to observe. Owl, (order Strigiformes), any member of a homogeneous order of primarily nocturnal raptors found nearly worldwide. Discourage breeding behavior in your bird. While all species have their own unique methods of bird language, there are many generalities. See Our Birds. By the time a bird is sick enough to let his guard down, he may be too sick to save. Parakeets do much more than fly, sit on perches, and say a few words (when trained to do so). I have used this particular type of natural branch-style perch, as it fits nicely in the average budgie cage. Birds Not of a Feather. Bird behavior specialists are not sure exactly why parakeets and other birds do this, but most believe that it is simply a sign of happiness. Purple martins will soon migrate south for their usual wintertime retreat, but this time the birds will be wearing what look like little backpacks, as scientists plan to track their roosting sites. I enjoy reading about parakeet's parrots and other birds. The separation range is the distance at which a flock of birds might split up to avoid a predator, obstacle, or bird. The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula, of the family Psittacidae. A territory may be held by one bird, a pair, or a flock. How the Class Aves is divided up. Parakeets have all the great qualities of the larger parrots; they are active, intelligent, very social, and have the ability to talk. Little flocks of Black-capped Chickadees enliven the winter woods with their active behavior and their cheery-sounding chick-a-dee callnotes as they fly from tree to tree, often accompanied by an assortment of nuthatches, creepers, kinglets, and other birds. Some people even keep them with zebra and society finches. I no longer trim my birds' wings, though I have in the. They’re loud, aggressive, boisterous bullies who threaten smaller birds. (Also see "Walruses. Birds also communicate with their behavior. Unison Call: Performed by a mated pair to defend territory and reinforce the pair bond. Since a lot of birds spend time “on the ground,” try to give Merlin another clue—for example, if the bird also spends time in or near water, try “swimming or wading” to see if Merlin will find your bird. Bird attacks usually consist of swoops, dives and chases. by birds are instinctual, but some birds are also. For those of you seeing avian patients, this time of year can provide some interesting challenges. Synthetic sounds, such as high-frequency, ultrasonic sounds, can also frighten some birds. Except for the Budgerigar, the Cockatiel is rated as the most popular and widely kept of the approximately 340 species of the order of psittacine birds. Train and enjoy your Parrots with Parrot Training Books, DVDs, videos, workshops, webinars, articles & EBooks. Your bird may also be exhibiting this behavior in response to another bird, animal, or human in the vicinity that is disliked. Millet spray is the best treat for budgies, cockatiels, and other parakeets. Not only will colony breeding increase your chances for success with budgies, but it will allow you to observe them as a flock, a key to learning about bird behavior. How to Tell when a Parakeet Is Sick. Note: Most of these answers pertain to the American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos. The monk parakeet nests in a colony that it resides in all year. The Sibley's Guide to Bird Life and Behavior by David Allen Sibley. See Our Birds. More specifically, a raptor is a bird of prey. They love mealworms. Birds may not show emotions exactly the way that humans do, but angry bird behavior is easily recognizable and can be useful for a birder to understand. The bird with the greatest wingspan of any other bird is the Wandering Albatross at up to 11. However, if you must have spare birds they should be males. Hanging Upside Down. Birds have very efficient cardiovascular systems that permit them to meet the metabolic demands of flight (and running, swimming, or diving). The flight power of a hummingbird is obtained from both the downward and upward stroke of their wings. The female is believed responsible for mate selection. Find out about the largest, smallest and fastest birds, how scientists believe they evolved, how many different species there are and much more. done following ruffle or other threats. However I am not sure if they will lay eggs. Nature and Behavior of Quails. Monk parakeets: Immigrants to New York via Argentina by The City University of New York They appear as invaders, taking over a neighborhood and erecting tall dwellings seemingly overnight. The largest bird egg, from which the ostrich hatches, is the size of a cantaloupe. Brush (2005) states Green Parakeets gather at a pre-roost site then fly 0. The Sibley's Guide to Bird Life and Behavior by David Allen Sibley. When birds are establishing dominance, and once the hierarchies are forms, what you end up with, is usually at least a dominant bird, particularly amongst a group of females. Interaction with other Birds Caution must be advised regarding interaction with other birds. If you own a Cockatoo, then you know why they are called the “love sponges” of the parrots. Synthetic sounds, such as high-frequency, ultrasonic sounds, can also frighten some birds. Turning their heads all around and burying them on their backs and resting on one leg are not to be diagnosed as parakeet behavior problems at all. BIRD BYTES BIRD NAMES. In several species, the male offers something to the female. Plum-headed Parakeet with fish image referenced from wikipedia and originally posted by Nevit Dilmen. Let us look at the Plover Bird closely. Both these species commonly attack the nests and eggs of other cavity-nesting birds. Nest sites a key limiting factor for the species, so defense is critical and often intense, especially where individuals nest close together in colonies. Over time they have evolved into formidable creatures that inhabit some of the harshest environments on earth. I think so- I have a love bird and I see that it will mate with any other bird -parakeet included. The smallest bird egg belongs to the hummingbird and is the size of a pea. For a parakeet, to be all alone is a sign of danger and one that makes them feel threatened. Birds in the attic is a very common problem that we see all thru the united States, with bird habitat getting more scarce everyday, birds are starting g to find alternative nesting sites which is usually in a Bathroom Vent or in a home’s attic space. Agonistic behavior revolves mostly around defending nest sites/nests against other Ospreys. The monk parakeet primarily feeds on seeds, berries, blossoms, and nuts. Cockatiels are unique in that, unlike other small parrots, they have a crest that can give us clear insight into what's going on inside the bird's head. Parakeet Courtship, Fighting, and Other Interactions My site has a number of pages explaining why parakeets should live in groups. Flocks of birds attack and usually drive away the predator — a behavior called mobbing. Here I would like to give you some information about parakeet, that how you should feed them, where to keep them and so on. Sexing a budgie is not difficult and can easily be done through their nose (cere). capable of learning as. Bill-sweeping – Display in which a pair of birds sweep their bills back and forth over the bark near their nest hole. " Ravens with. The next year another species of bird will use a Woodpeckers cavity for their own home, such as Chickadees, Nuthatches or Flycatchers. Pet bird anatomy creates some specific challenges when keeping them safe in our homes. Parakeets puff up as a way of showing their excitement and getting attention, so he's likely to do it when he's ready for you to show him some love. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. If you've considered all factors and consulted with an avian. It is normally located within 10 m of the ground. No one really knows why they do this. American crows will stand on anthills and let the ants climb on it. Birds have very efficient cardiovascular systems that permit them to meet the metabolic demands of flight (and running, swimming, or diving). Observing bird behavior, especially herons, can be a very rewarding activity. You may not notice a bird is keeping its farther eye closed sometimes. This can help know when a bird is upset or agitated. This bird often flutters around its cage to avoid your hand or takes to flight to escape your reach. Parakeets are intelligent and social animals and enjoy the stimulation of toys and interaction with humans as well as with other Parakeets. With adequate attention, handling, and love, an Indian Ringneck Parakeet can quickly become a beloved companion and family member. There is always more to learn about them. 146 thoughts on “ What you need to know when breeding African Gray Parrots ” Idrees Chaudhry 24. The Lineolated parakeets are sometimes referred to as Barred parakeets. Parakeets are usually mature enough to breed about one year of age. House wrens breed throughout all of the United States except for the South. While migrating bird flocks can be spotted during the daytime, most birds migrate at night (when the air is cooler and calmer, and there are fewer predators), flying in tandem even when they are. Natural sounds or synthetic sounds can scare birds. So the next time your parakeet gets aggressive, try to find out what is bothering him. This is a sign of a happy bird since most parakeet sounds are made when a bird is a content. As a pet bird, their flock is a human family. Wait for the Parakeet Pair to Reach Maturity and Breeding Condition. While your birds might exhibit breeding behavior at other times of the year, spring is generally when hormones are at their peak and mating is most likely to result in healthy chicks. The newly single bird often found a second mate quite readily, he says. They don't have other parrots or peers to learn from. Feather care and socialization. They are the preferred vendor of official Cornell Lab merchandise and offer a dizzying number of feeders, binoculars, and birdwatching-related gear and gifts to make any bird enthusiast happy. BIRD BYTES BIRD NAMES. To circumvent the din of honking horns, plane engines, and other deafening hallmarks of modern living, birds are changing how they vocalize. Parakeet Behavior. The separation range is the distance at which a flock of birds might split up to avoid a predator, obstacle, or bird. Once they bond, you'll see them sit next to each other on the same perch and follow each other around. They can develop a bond with only one human and refuse to interact with other people, even attacking them in some cases. “They seemed to have the right elements to form complex social structures, and yet nothing was known about them,” says Danai Papageorgiou, lead author on the paper and a PhD student at the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior. This can lead to communication problems and other related parakeet behavior problems. The Sibley's Guide to Bird Life and Behavior by David Allen Sibley. 5) Fatigue. Birds are regularly reported elsewhere in Britain, and are likely to be local escapees. The newly single bird often found a second mate quite readily, he says. Suggested Guidelines for Bird Enrichment. It has disjunct native ranges in Africa and South Asia, and is now introduced into many other parts of the world where feral populations have established themselves and are bred for the exotic pet trade. They are slightly larger than budgies. Whatever your bird interests, make us your “go to” organization. The breeder's home may have been the only world he. It contained computer simulated bat swarms and penguin flocks which were created with modified versions of the original boids software developed at Symbolics. Avian behavior can be very complex but with knowledge of some general ones and what they mean, you will be able to learn more about your bird. Many would argue that all bird behavior results from instinct, "knowledge" programmed into birds' genes. They’re also beautiful and highly intelligent, and their complicated behaviors may actually save other birds from predators. Additionally, when finches are stimulated to breed, they often become territorial, resulting in increased aggressive behavior. Some evidence exists that adult care-giving males pay attention to the variation in their mate's coloration when defending fledgling-aged offspring (Barrios-Miller and Siefferman 2013). They can develop a bond with only one human and refuse to interact with other people, even attacking them in some cases. They also sometimes eat insects and agricultural crops of corn, rice, sunflowers and others. They’re loud, aggressive, boisterous bullies who threaten smaller birds. I think so- I have a love bird and I see that it will mate with any other bird -parakeet included. Here I would like to give you some information about parakeet, that how you should feed them, where to keep them and so on. Predator An animal that hunts and eats other animals for food. Give your bird a fighting chance. Birds Not of a Feather. Pet bird anatomy creates some specific challenges when keeping them safe in our homes. There are about 8,600 different species of birds alive today. Because so much of a bird’s identity is evident in how it acts, behavior can lead you to an ID in the blink of an eye, in bad light, or from a quarter-mile away. Your veterinarian will be able to assess the damage and get your bird on an antibiotic to fight infection. Most parakeets pick a favorite owner and will do this only to them, Vaughn said. In very cold weather, birds fluff their feathers to trap even more body warmth in the air space between feathers. It also provides a bird with the ability to escape a threatening situation. Edgar Allan Poe knew what he was doing when he used the raven instead of some other bird to croak out "nevermore" in his famous poem. Or certain bird distress calls can also cause other birds to become afraid. Or they might bite to draw your attention away from other things, while some might bite because they are territorial. They’re loud, aggressive, boisterous bullies who threaten smaller birds. 5- Their long, pointed wings are almost falcon-like in appearance, while their pointed tails are longer than those of any other doves. These demented attacks on a window pane or car wing-mirror can last from 10 to 20 minutes. Live, online chat forum about cats. The females have a less vivid plumage with dull green wings, lacking the red rump found in males. Whatever your bird interests, make us your “go to” organization. Paired parakeets will mate, while single hormonal parakeets may attempt to mate with a bird toy or perch. For example, imagine a bird species. How the Class Aves is divided up. Budgies are sexually dimorphic, which means they can be sexed visually. But like most parrots that can be sexed visually, they need time to exhibit their gender traits. Biting & Aggression: How to Solve Problem Behavior with Clicker Training. Why is that bird dive-bombing you? but it's actually a defensive behavior on the part of the bird. So, why do cats chirp? Let's take a look. A home range is anywhere a bird happens to wander – basically anywhere in its appropriate habitat. Parakeet Courtship, Fighting, and Other Interactions My site has a number of pages explaining why parakeets should live in groups. Budgie Behavior Budgie Behavior After preening or some other activity which may have ruffled their feathers, budgies will poof up, do a quick shake, and then. Birds lose their. On the other hand, the routine behavior of some birds has also led to sinis- ter associations. In winter, yet another possibility may fly in, depending on where you live. Blue jays will often force smaller birds away from bird feeders, but will typically stay away from the feeders and wait their turn when other medium sized birds, like woodpeckers, are feeding. Probably one of the most humorous things about owning a budgie is watching their curious and entertaining behavior. The quaker parakeet is simply a visual delight. They are a hardier bird than their rival, the Budgie, and have a life span of 15 to 20 years versus the Budgie's 7 to 8. Give your birds only 10 to 12 hours of daylight time. The other thing that cages come equipped with is food and water dishes. Nearly all birds will display aggressive behavior when they perceive a threat to their nest or young. When a parakeet is ready for nesting, it will display certain behaviors that indicate its preparation for breeding. The bird was taking a quick break before zipping off to sip from another flower. They definitely steal eggs and chicks from other birds' nests, though. For example, Purple Martins nest in colonies and Robins nest on platforms without roofs. cover a ledge with netting or some other obstruction to keep birds from nesting. Male thrashers have got as much song phrases as 3,000 which is the largest repertoire of any North American bird's. The best answer in my opinion is to have someone come in and take care of the bird while you are gone that the bird already knows and likes. The other resource that made me jump was the videotaped training session of untame birds by Chet Womach. Regurgitation: It is natural behavior for birds to regurgitate for their mates during mating season and while they raise their babies. A new study - the first to quantify the social lives of parrots using social network analysis - provides intriguing new insights into parrot sociality revealing a sophisticated social structure with layers of relationships and complex. This can lead to communication problems and other related parakeet behavior problems. Parakeets let it be known when they don't like another. Cockatiel Behavior Explained. Adorably known as "Linnie", the Lineolated parakeet, a small sized bird is endemic to South and Central America. A cage for a pair of breeding parakeets should be a minimum size of 20 by 20 by 20 inches and should contain a wooden nest box that is at least 12 by 12 inches. Parakeets are busy and curious by nature and. Nesting behavior varies considerably among birds. Any of these changes, or any other changes recognized in pet birds, should be brought to the attention of an avian veterinarian to determine whether or not it is a sign of something more serious. Give your birds only 10 to 12 hours of daylight time. This means no talking, scolding, discussing the issue…just leave him be. Also listed are references to information about feather plucking/picking which would be very helpful for those who have pluckers. A domestic parakeet escaped some years ago in Rossendale, Lancashire. We can help cavity nesting birds by erecting bird houses. 5- Their long, pointed wings are almost falcon-like in appearance, while their pointed tails are longer than those of any other doves. I find it best if lovebirds can hear each other but not see each other. They also have a slightly different body and tail shape, indicating that they might not be as closely related to the other birds of this Genus as we think. December 2013 at 11:04. Wing It - Bird Behavior Bird to Bird Fighting. The Bird School for Parrots and Other Birds - Kindle edition by Ann Castro. To calculate the bird's nitrogen uptake, they also needed to know how much waste nitrogen the birds lost. But in doing so, I realized I was overlooking many other beautiful birds, like this female lesser goldfinch. An owner who knows their tamed budgie’s behavior should be on the lookout for behavior that is not typically demonstrated by their bird. Bald eagles are unlikely to bother smaller birds or their young, which makes these efforts unnecessary. Passerine birds are divided into two suborders, the suboscines and the oscines. When a pair lands after the flight, they greet each other by raising their wings in a way that shows the black and white marks on them. Hanging Upside Down. Common Buzzard Behaviour. Live, online chat forum about cats. If birds are angry at the feeder and consistently fight or threaten other feeding birds, adding larger feeders or moving feeders further apart can help. By the time a bird is sick enough to let his guard down, he may be too sick to save. Owl, (order Strigiformes), any member of a homogeneous order of primarily nocturnal raptors found nearly worldwide. Mature birds tend to become hormonal once a year in the spring, when the amount of natural light is longer than the amount of darkness. One reason is that they are cold and trying to warm up. Why is that bird dive-bombing you? but it's actually a defensive behavior on the part of the bird. Birds also communicate with their behavior. In bird classification the Class Aves is split up into 23 orders. Students will observe adaptations of feet and beaks of birds and relate these to the bird’s method of feeding and to the bird’s environment. When you see that, they are truly bonded. Sometimes birds may need a time-out from a mate or a perceived mate in order to prevent chronic egg laying. Females arrive about a week later and are courted by the males, who display by strutting and shaking their wings. and in South America, have been directed at curbing their populations because of their reputation as an agricultural pest. What spring bird persistently sings, day and night? How long before robin eggs hatch, and when do the young leave the nest? Do Carolina wrens normally leave their eggs unattended? Can you identify the birds flocking around our chimney at nighttime? Why do American crows groom/massage/stroke each other?. But they have a few unique characteristics of their own. ) to a roosting site where they sleep. Your Bird’s Hormones & How They Affect Behavior. The birds typically do this as they are settling in for a nap. Biting & Aggression: How to Solve Problem Behavior with Clicker Training. If you own a Cockatoo, then you know why they are called the “love sponges” of the parrots. The Sibley's Guide to Bird Life and Behavior by David Allen Sibley. Here I would like to give you some information about parakeet, that how you should feed them, where to keep them and so on. There are about 8,600 different species of birds alive today. While your birds might exhibit breeding behavior at other times of the year, spring is generally when hormones are at their peak and mating is most likely to result in healthy chicks. This is a guide about understanding parakeet behavior. Reducing Aggression among Birds Overcrowding birds and/or placing incompatible birds together may lead to aggression within the flight or aviary. Birds that nest in close proximity to people; the northern mockingbird, American robin, gray catbird, and blue jay, are the most frequent assailants, and the mockingbird is without a doubt the most zealous—harassing, people, domestic animals, and other birds. (Signs that two birds are not compatible include: threatening [leaning towards the offending bird with the neck extended and the beak open], hissing or "growling," chasing, "beak fencing," feather plucking, and other signs of aggression. Some bird behavior is instinctive, whilst other behavior is learned. Since a lot of birds spend time “on the ground,” try to give Merlin another clue—for example, if the bird also spends time in or near water, try “swimming or wading” to see if Merlin will find your bird. They are a hardier bird than their rival, the Budgie, and have a life span of 15 to 20 years versus the Budgie's 7 to 8. For a parakeet, to be all alone is a sign of danger and one that makes them feel threatened. The monk parakeet nests in a colony that it resides in all year. However their brains are relatively large and their learning abilities are greater than those of most other birds. This isn’t selfless on their part: the other birds likely have nests in the area, and by all working together to drive off the predator, they themselves are put at very little risk. This is perhaps a strategy to help them stay hidden during their compromised state. Birds may attack humans, pets, wildlife and other birds, so don’t take it personally. ”—Anne Girton, Edina, Minnesota. The feathers hold in body heat, insulating a bird’s body against cold, outside air. Hear a bird singing? It’s probably a male. However I am not sure if they will lay eggs. Even another bird helps because owners cannot always be present, and having another bird "friend" is advantageous. After a few weeks or months (whenever you think it's ready), you can put them together. For example, imagine a bird species. Life for cardinals looks pretty good. Although parakeets have their own personalities, they generally all exhibit similar behaviors when they're happy, and another set of behaviors when they're unhappy. The other bird will likely back off to avoid confrontation with the head-bobbing parakeet. Another bird from further back will rapidly move forward to take the leading position and maintain the formation. The day you bring your bird home is the day the world changes for you both. This gives them an advantage on being social and able to bond with other birds or others like people and animals. Probably one of the most humorous things about owning a budgie is watching their curious and entertaining behavior. Asked in Animal Behavior, Birds. So, they collected all of the birds' feces, making sure that none dried out, and measured the nitrogen content. Between the two birds, the lorikeets are comparatively more expensive and command higher maintenance and care compared to other birds. A territory is a defended area within that home range and is is typical of songbirds but it is also found in a number of other orders of birds. Roadrunner Bird Facts | Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior The greater roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus) is one of the fastest birds on land. Parakeet Behavior. The other thing that cages come equipped with is food and water dishes. Uncover Feeder Bird Social Behavior Practice using bird body language to understand the social dynamics at your feeder. They are often not as playful in general as other species of parakeets but there are many exceptions that have made excellent pets. When birds are establishing dominance, and once the hierarchies are forms, what you end up with, is usually at least a dominant bird, particularly amongst a group of females. Our Nature Shop staff can answer all your questions about birds, binoculars and many other things. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: