Python Modules Download

scikit-learn is a collection of Python modules relevant to machine/statistical learning and data mining. 2 is the second maintenance release of Python 3. The SciPy ecosystem is comprised of the following core modules relevant to machine learning: NumPy: A foundation for SciPy that allows you to efficiently work with data in arrays. python -m pip install The most common usage of pip is to install from the Python Package Index. On windows make sure you install for all users so that the Python Installer copies the python DLL to the correct place. 7 series is the newest major release of the Python language and contains many new features and optimizations. Simply, a module is a file consisting of Python code. Creating a Python Module. 7 and above. I need to have psutil module in Python3, but default live distro doesn't contain it. EasyGUI is different from other GUI generators in that EasyGUI is NOT event-driven. Create a new file called mymodule. pyd), but does not have a pre-built copy of the module. Cross platform Kivy runs on Linux, Windows, OS X, Android, iOS, and Raspberry Pi. It also provides some helper functions to make publishing one off messages to an MQTT server very straightforward. py extension. 0 specification with a considerable number of additions and a couple of exclusions. PyIMSL Studio includes the PyIMSL wrappers, the IMSL C Numerical Library, a Python distribution and a selection of open source python modules useful for prototype analytical development. It defines classes for handling synchronous network requests (the server request handler blocks until the request is completed) over TCP, UDP, Unix streams, and Unix datagrams. First of all you need to. Play around with and modify live example code. Our code is hosted on GitHub, tested on Travis CI, AppVeyor, Coveralls, Landscape and released on PyPI. What is python-ldap?¶ python-ldap provides an object-oriented API to access LDAP directory servers from Python programs. Python Dates. Usually, pip is used to install and manage Python packages. 7 or PyPy, including the Python development header files like python. In this article we will take a look at some of the most popular ways you can download files with Python. Apache/Python Integration. 7 - 32 bits. How to take screenshot of the current window ?. This tutorial will walk you through installing modules, importing modules, and aliasing modules. In VS Code, PYTHONPATH affects debugging, linting, IntelliSense, testing, and any other operation that depends on Python resolving modules. This module is known as the Python datetime module. CDR and AI file formats will be our primary focus for RC5 milestone. Does Selenium 2 support XPath 2. Normally Python module is used to group related functions, classes and variables for better code management and avoiding name clash. The 2to3 integration shows a better dialog. 7 official distribution - see the plugins page for customizing options. ResourcePackage is a mechanism for automatically managing "resources" (i. Stéphane Bidoul maintains a Windows port of the Python bindings. These are packages for the python from python. Cooperative DNS queries performed through a threadpool, dnspython, or c-ares. 2 may go away; 2. If we run the. A utility Python module for processing the Kismetdb log file format and extracting devices, packets, messages, and the. by Christoph Gohlke, Laboratory for Fluorescence Dynamics, University of California, Irvine. In particular, these are some of the core packages:. In this lesson, we will review these functions and what we can do with these. Get started quickly using AWS with boto3, the AWS SDK for Python. I want to start working with modules. By default, PyCharm uses pip to manage project packages. called built-in or standard modules. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Python Standard Library: Core Modules 1-3 The __builtin__ module This module contains built-in functions which are automatically available in all Python modules. It is compliant with Python DB-API 2. Hopefully this post helped you understand why module loaders exists and how the major ones differ. It also solves the issue of ambiguous times at the end of daylight saving time, which you can read more about in the Python Library Reference (datetime. What is math module in Python? The math module is a standard module in Python and is always available. 7+, Python 3. bdist_mpkg 7/19/2006 bdist_mpkg is a distutils plugin that implements the bdist_mpkg command, which builds a Mac OS X metapackage for use by Installer. If, however, you really need to access the downloads directly, they are available on PyPI. The Twilio Python Helper Library makes it easy to interact with the Twilio API from your Python application. A module can define functions, classes and variables. Python for Finance explores the basics of programming in Python. ar gv[1] bar sys. Python is one of the most popular coding languages for the biological sciences, and by providing these tools, GenGraph makes it easier to experiment and develop new tools that utilise genome graphs. In an upcoming article, I will share, how you can write a Python program to get a list of Python packages and save them in a list. NET allows CLR namespaces to be treated essentially as Python packages. pip is already installed if you are using Python 2 >=2. 7 are: PEP 539, new C API for thread-local storage; PEP 545, Python documentation translations. This is not I was looking for. In there, you will be able to discuss the event, ask us for. A tarball containing the wxPython demo and samples. py - Terminal Input/Output Module; utils. ResourcePackage is a mechanism for automatically managing "resources" (i. 1 and older OpenOffice. map – an optional callable that is passed the name of the directory containing the. Intelligent Python IDE with refactorings, debugger, code completion, on-the-fly code analysis and coding productivity orientation Download the pycharm-. It works like it does on CPython as explained in the installation documentation. py (within the code). It's important to note that the term "package" in this context is being used as a synonym for a distribution (i. What is PyDNS? PyDNS provides a module for performing DNS queries from python applications. Modules are Python. Let’s assume you have a script, say, “hello. FAQ: What does py2exe actually do. Verified module is. This lesson shows you how to download and install Python modules. Twisted runs on Python 2 and an ever growing subset also works with Python 3. This website is all about wxPython, the cross-platform GUI toolkit for the Python language. Grouping related code into a module makes the code easier to understand and use. Package Information. Python module is a normal python file which can store function, variable, classes, constants etc. PyGObject is a Python package which provides bindings for GObject based libraries such as GTK, GStreamer, WebKitGTK, GLib, GIO and many more. A module is usually stored in and corresponds to a separate. However they're going to need to know about the files we create during the workshop. This page describes the CSV module developed by Dave Cole. The Python 3. Stateful programmatic web browsing in Python, after Andy Lester’s Perl module WWW::Mechanize. Python calendar module: This module allows you to output calendars like the Unix cal program, and provides additional useful functions related to the calendar. Basic usage The standard packaging tools are all designed to be used from the command line. About PAMIE. Module helps us to organize related codes. If you're unsure of which datasets/models you'll need, you can install the "popular" subset of NLTK data, on the command line type python -m nltk. 4 and setuptools >= 0. Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2. GUI programming introduces new problems compared to interacting with the standard output (console / terminal). The callable should return a tuple. (D): This marks a module as deprecated, which means a module is kept for backwards compatibility but usage is discouraged. These can be passed around, installed, or uploaded to marketplaces such as the Play Store just like any other Android app. , cryptographically strong Pseudo-Random Number Generator. On windows make sure you install for all users so that the Python Installer copies the python DLL to the correct place. Assorted software, most of it shipped under an OSI-compatible old-style Python license. hierarchy scipy. the system. Python is a widely used high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. I think I've read elsewhere that GUI apps sometimes have trouble running from IDLE. 5! Get it from the downloads page. exe by following this link. org or if you are working in a Virtual Environment created by virtualenv or pyvenv. When you visit the Python for Windows download page, you'll immediately see the division. 0 is out! Ported to Python 3, by Brian Jones. This is no longer required, though the syntax is still. Import Python user modules in Matlab 11 September, 2019. pip is already installed if you are using Python 2 >=2. Put the module in some place accessible by python (either next to your application, or in a directory from sys. Upload your own Python modules to pip with the guide at PyPI. pymssql is the Python language extension module that provides access to Microsoft SQL Servers from Python scripts. Several extensions allow access to many of the features offered by PostgreSQL. Modules found in modern cars, motocycles, boats, and even wheelchairs have had components tested from Python using this library. A tarball containing the wxPython demo and samples. This message appears because the Python package being installed contains the source code for a native extension module (. In order to display graphics within Python, you will also need to install a graphics package, as described under Graphics. According to the Python documentation it provides the developer with a high-level interface for asynchronously executing callables. It is the package manager for the official Python distribution. This section covers the basics of how to install Python packages. Anaconda Python) on Linux, Mac or Windows. download('popular'). The requests module allows you to send HTTP requests using Python. Hopefully this post helped you understand why module loaders exists and how the major ones differ. IDLE (Python GUI) and Python (command line) should now by in your program menu, under Python 2. pyodbc is an open source Python module that provides access to ODBC databases. 10 Interesting Python Modules to Learn in 2016 In this article I will give you an introduction into some Python modules I think of as useful. argv for the command: $ python foo. In this Python network programming course, you'll learn how to use Python and Scapy to build various network security tools for your network. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use this library to send simple HTTP. Programmers can define their own modules. The callable should return a tuple. Installing Python Modules¶ Email. org; you can typically use the Download Python 3. com have already been updated by their developers to include pre-built binaries, but many are still only available as. IDLE (Python GUI) which is like the command line Python prompt on the servers except it has a graphical user interface (menus, buttons, etc. zip, extracting the contained file to the download folder: 3331_org-netbeans-modules-python-samples. pycheckrc file. What is python-ldap?¶ python-ldap provides an object-oriented API to access LDAP directory servers from Python programs. For new users who want to install a full Python environment for scientific computing and data science, we suggest installing the Anaconda or Canopy Python distributions, which provide Python, IPython and all of its dependences as well as a complete set of open source packages for scientific computing and data science. Download the Maya plugin (sourcepy-*) and accompanying Python package (maya-*) at the corresponding download section at SourceForge. These packages work with OSX 10. 4 button that appears first on the page (or whatever is the latest version). For example, suppose you have source code in a src folder and tests in a tests folder. A module is usually stored in and corresponds to a separate. 1_pre9 ( download, changelog) is the fifth release candidate of kinterbasdb 3. How do I download and install it. This will try to download and install module from the user-submitted python modules database. This takes less memory, but you don't get the documentation. 7QuickReferenceSheet ’ ver$2. Pip is more modern and perferred. python modules free download - Python, Python, Python, and many more programs. If you haven’t used it before, go ahead and download it and get it installed. I think I've read elsewhere that GUI apps sometimes have trouble running from IDLE. Collections import * Note that earlier releases of Python for. You can use the test files as examples: pychecker test_input/*. fftpack scipy. 7 using buildbot. To use the functions available in the math module we must start by first including the module using the import statement. In particular, these are some of the core packages:. SQLAlchemy is the Python SQL toolkit and Object Relational Mapper that gives application developers the full power and flexibility of SQL. It is an easy-to-use library with a lot of features ranging from passing parameters in URLs to sending custom headers and SSL Verification. Unofficial Windows Binaries for Python Extension Packages. 1 MB  Enter your email address to download: email: You will be subscribed to our newsletters. This lesson shows you how to download and install Python modules. Modules, Packages, and all that¶ One of the key features of Python is that the actual core language is fairly small. Fortunately, there are a lot of Python GUI options: The Python wiki on GUI programming lists over 30 cross-platform frameworks, as well as Pyjamas, a tool for cross-browser Web development based on a port of the Google Web Toolkit. Python's re Module. Chilkat Module for Python (CkPython) Windows Downloads Linux x86/x86_64 Downloads Linux armhf/aarch64 Downloads Alpine Linux x86/x86_64 Downloads Alpine Linux armhf Downloads MAC OS X Downloads Solaris Downloads FreeBSD Downloads OpenBSD Downloads * For Raspberry Pi 2/3, use Linux armhf/aarch64 downloads. If you are behind a firewall (within an an enterprise, for example), then you can use a proxy like cntlm that allows pip to talk to the firewall and download the modules properly. Assorted software, most of it shipped under an OSI-compatible old-style Python license. It is used to produce random-numbers which are secure and useful in security-sensitive applications. Learn how to package your Python code for PyPI. In this Python network programming course, you'll learn how to use Python and Scapy to build various network security tools for your network. There are many ways of doing it; this tutorial covers one of the easiest and most common. I am getting started with Python¶. s: scipy scipy. It has some big advantages over using the Python Esri provides with ArcGIS: Very useful tools not in Esri's standard distribution are available (IPython, Jupyter notebook, Spyder). Support is offered in pip >= 1. pip is already installed if you are using Python 2 >=2. Python WiFi is a Python module that provides read and write access to a wireless network card's capabilities using the Linux Wireless Extensions. The Python 3. Each module is a different file, which can be edited separately. Re: Where can I download python libraries / module Aleks So the actual script still runs on the switch however complied remotely, from what i found this needs to be done via Cisco OnePK which has the relevant API's and python libraries which can be imported into python eg; import cisco. A module allows you to logically organize your Python code. Options include: (All operating systems) A download from python. Browser and mechanize. I am a newbie in Python. Python: Module 1. Non-Programmer's Tutorial for Python 3. WinPython is a free open-source portable distribution of the Python programming language for Windows 7/8/10 and scientific and educational usage. Libusb provides user-space access to usb devices, and the PyUSB module provides access through Python. Instead, all GUI interactions are invoked by simple function calls. mod_fcgid¶ Does your CGI performance leave you wanting?. The official Python Package Index (PyPI) hosts files uploaded by package maintainers. For the Python interpreter to find Zelle’s module, it must be imported. 0, are available on SourceForge. If you are stuck on legacy Python, there is also a backport available for Python 2. This is easiest if we start IDLE from the WORKSHOP folder itself. 7 series is the newest major release of the Python language and contains many new features and optimizations. PyCharm provides methods for installing, uninstalling, and upgrading Python packages for a particular Python interpreter. Python Computer Graphics Kit is a software package containing a collection of Python modules, plugins and utilities that are meant to be useful for any domain where you have to deal with 3D data. The *os* and *os. Python Markdown at PyPy. (These instructions are geared to GnuPG and Unix command-line users. The functions python sys module provides allows us to operate on underlying interpreter, irrespective of it being a Windows Platform, Macintosh or Linux. With wxPython software developers can create truly native user interfaces for their Python applications, that run with little or no modifications on Windows, Macs and Linux or other unix-like systems. Let’s assume you have a script, say, “hello. py - Session Log Viewer; server. exe) instead of just python. With today’s October release of the Python extension, we’re excited to announce the support of native editing of Jupyter notebooks inside Visual Studio Code! You can now directly edit. They can create function definitions and statements that you can reference in other Python. command: This subpackage contains one module for each standard Distutils command. 0 allows the user to automate Internet Explorer browser for QA testing, development testing, or web scraping. The callable should return a tuple. Module helps us to organize related codes. Python calendar module: This module allows you to output calendars like the Unix cal program, and provides additional useful functions related to the calendar. To install, run: pip install PyDispatcher. Installing Python Modules¶ Email. The Paho Python Client provides a client class with support for both MQTT v3. (Sample code to create the above spreadsheet. Description. 7QuickReferenceSheet ’ ver$2. Once the. It takes all the stress out of installing packages, because it downloads, extracts and installs them in a single step. Modules, Packages, and all that¶ One of the key features of Python is that the actual core language is fairly small. To use mathematical functions under this module, you have to import the module using import math. How to auto save files using custom Firefox profile ? 8. If you are. from System import String from System. Pip comes with newer versions of Python, and makes installing packages a breeze. module is a user interface to the Modules package. Also, I link to my frameworks where possible. XML is the 'Extensible Markup Language', a data format for structured document interchange. The most recent version of the library can be found on PyPi. This article explores Python modules and Python packages, two mechanisms that facilitate modular programming. Here, we answered the question "What is a python module", also we talked about why we need Python modules and the use of modules, and at the end we highlighted some built-in modules in Python. What is a Module?. Hopefully this post helped you understand why module loaders exists and how the major ones differ. If you decide to switch to the brewed Python, then reinstall all formulae with Python bindings (e. If it is a commonly used module, or one that is particularly difficult to compile, you can contact OSC Help for assistance, but we have provided an example below showing how to build and install your own Python modules, and make them available inside of Python. 1 HTML PDF] Mod_python is an Apache module that embeds the Python interpreter within the server. Usually, pip is used to install and manage Python packages. PYTHON INTERFACE DOWNLOADS. 0, are available on SourceForge. Well, exciting if you’re a Python user, at least, because we’re happy to point out the availability of the F5 BIG-IP Python SDK. Cross-Platform C++, Python and Java interfaces support Linux, MacOS, Windows, iOS, and Android. Python extensions for Microsoft Windows Provides access to much of the Win32 API, the ability to create and use COM objects, and the Pythonwin environment. When we need to run the same tests on multiple data sets, creating an individual test for each data set is out of the question. Easy, clean, reliable Python 2/3 compatibility¶. SQLAlchemy is the Python SQL toolkit and Object Relational Mapper that gives application developers the full power and flexibility of SQL. Pillow for enterprise is available via the Tidelift Subscription. python modules free download - Python, Python, Python, and many more programs. PyPI helps you find and install software developed and shared by the Python community. CDR and AI file formats will be our primary focus for RC5 milestone. Introduction to D-Bus Python Module D-Bus Python provides Python bindings to the D-Bus API interface. 7 are: PEP 539, new C API for thread-local storage; PEP 545, Python documentation translations. After reading it, you will be able to read and write Python modules and programs, and you will be ready to learn more about the various Python library modules described in library-index. • Binding a variable in Python means setting a name to hold a reference to some object. pycheckrc file. The Python xlrd (short for "Excel Read") module can be found here. It works like it does on CPython as explained in the installation documentation. Much of the powerful functionality comes through external modules and packages. Greetings, Earthling! Welcome to The Hitchhiker's Guide to Python. If you are stuck on legacy Python, there is also a backport available for Python 2. Using the urllib. This message appears because the Python package being installed contains the source code for a native extension module (. The command pyImport() is used for that purpose. Chilkat Module for Python (CkPython) Windows Downloads Linux x86/x86_64 Downloads Linux armhf/aarch64 Downloads Alpine Linux x86/x86_64 Downloads Alpine Linux armhf Downloads MAC OS X Downloads Solaris Downloads FreeBSD Downloads OpenBSD Downloads * For Raspberry Pi 2/3, use Linux armhf/aarch64 downloads. To use mathematical functions under this module, you have to import the module using import math. scard, an extension module wrapping the WinSCard API (smart card base components) also known as PC/SC, and; smartcard, a higher level Python framework built on top of the raw PC/SC API. recurse – is optionally set if any sub-directories should be scanned. This article explores Python modules and Python packages, two mechanisms that facilitate modular programming. If you'd like to contribute, fork us on GitHub! This handcrafted guide exists to provide both novice and expert Python developers a best practice handbook to the installation, configuration, and usage of Python on a daily basis. Python Computer Graphics Kit is a software package containing a collection of Python modules, plugins and utilities that are meant to be useful for any domain where you have to deal with 3D data. If you have ever worried or wondered about the future of PIL, please stop. 5 through 3. Prior to working through this tutorial, it is recommended that you have a reasonable grasp of the Python programming language. receiveStderr(data) Parses incoming logs from the Python script written via stderr and emits stderr events. C:\Python27\python. If you have purchased a Packt book and/or video, you can use this page to. bdist_dumb. py """Simple object oriented graphics library The library is designed to make it very easy for novice programmers to experiment with computer graphics in an object oriented fashion. This is the recommended stable version. OpenCV is a highly optimized library with focus on real-time applications. To do so, open command prompt and type "python" in it. These are packages for the python from python. CMake, the cross-platform build system generator, is now easily installable in Python distributions! This makes creation of cross-platform C/C++ CPython extension modules accessible to many more developers. The current production versions are Python 3. If you are. This module is known as the Python datetime module. For Conda environments you can use the conda package manager. This page deals only with the basic Python installation. These can be passed around, installed, or uploaded to marketplaces such as the Play Store just like any other Android app. Check these 39 Most Useful Python Modules holding 95% Python Jobs. What is Jython? Jython is a Java implementation of Python that combines expressive power with clarity. 0, are available on SourceForge. Package authors use PyPI to distribute their software. The *os* and *os. 6, go to python's official website and click on Python 3. ipynb files and get the interactivity of Jupyter notebooks with all of the power of VS Code. 3, a subset of it has been integrated into the standard library under the venv module. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. _initgroups twisted. I don't currently distribute a VMD binary with Python built in, but you can look at my build scripts and compile your own, or use the available ones from the official developers. 3, the details of how sys. When Python executes the import sys statement, it looks for the sys module. Untar/Unzip the file and navigate to the newly created directory, e. ResourcePackage 1. Since Wing's debugger can run in embedded instances of Python, it can be used to develop scripts for Blender, Autodesk Maya, NUKE, Source Filmmaker and other modeling, rendering, and compositing applications that use Python. Python Wheels What are wheels? Wheels are the new standard of Python distribution and are intended to replace eggs. Visit the installation page to see how you can download. Get them directly from voidspace. Among the major new features in Python 3. These commands are organized into modules. Assorted software, most of it shipped under an OSI-compatible old-style Python license. Serve millions of customers with confidence. The DB API specification PEP-249 should be your primary guide for using this module. Previously, 1. I don't currently distribute a VMD binary with Python built in, but you can look at my build scripts and compile your own, or use the available ones from the official developers. Build and debug your Python apps with Visual Studio Code, and push your apps to the cloud with a few clicks. scard, an extension module wrapping the WinSCard API (smart card base components) also known as PC/SC, and; smartcard, a higher level Python framework built on top of the raw PC/SC API. The Voidspace Python Modules. Pam-python Write PAM modules in Python. It offers strong support for integration with other languages and tools, comes with extensive standard libraries, and can be learned in a few days. 0 Specification. If python wget module has not been installed, then run pip install wget command in terminal. receiveStderr(data) Parses incoming logs from the Python script written via stderr and emits stderr events. If we need to install a third-party module, we can simply use wget to download it from the repository, uncompress the module, then run the python setup. This book introduces you to the basic concepts and operations related to Python. For LDAP operations the module wraps OpenLDAP’s client library, libldap. py:1232 DEBUG Output found in stdout, seems like '/hpc2n/eb/software/lmod. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: